what is endometriosis? 

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis???
I am sure you are asking yourself “What is Endometriosis? “

Endometriosis is a gynecological disorder. It occurs when the tissue,  that forms the lining of the uterus (endometrium) is found outside of the uterus.  These tissues, which are often called lesions or implants, can affect the peritoneum, ovaries, Fallopian tubes, bladder, ureters, intestines, and rectum. This can result in increased inflammation.

Endometriosis affects 1 in 10 reproductive-aged individuals. For many, there is usually a delayed diagnosis on average of 7 to 10 years.

What are the symptoms of Endometriosis?
The most common symptom of Endometriosis is chronic pain. In addition to:
– painful menstrual cramps
– chronic lower back/pelvic pain
– pain during and/or after sexual intercourse
– intestinal pain
– painful bowel movements
– bleeding in between menstrual periods
– Abnormal periods (short or prolonged)
– painful urination
– digestive issues (diarrhea, constipation, bloating, nausea)
– nerve pain in lower extremities
– fatigue
– Infertility

How is Endometriosis Diagnosed? 
The only way to officially diagnosis Endometriosis is through a surgical procedure called laparoscopy. While there is currently no cure for endometriosis, symptoms can be managed through excision surgery (removal of lesions/implants) which is the gold standard.  Women may also find some relief from symptoms with low dose oral contraceptives, NSAIDs, acupuncture, and nutritional/lifestyle changes.

Endometriosis does not only affect women physically but also affects many aspects of their lives.  Such as careers, finances, relationships & overall wellbeing.

 

 

 

 

 

References:

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30790565/
What is Endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment,  Endometriosis Foundation of America – https://www.endofound.org/endometriosis
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists – Endometriosis – https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Endometriosis
Mayo Clinic – Endometriosis – https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometriosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354656