Endometriosis

Endometriosis is when the tissue that forms the lining of the uterus (endometrium) is found outside of the uterus.  These tissues, which are often called lesions or implants, can affect the peritoneum, ovaries, Fallopian tubes, bladder, ureters, intestines and rectum.

The most common symptoms of Endometriosis is chronic pelvic pain, as well as painful intercourse, pain with bowel movements/urination  excessive bleeding, infertility, fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, nausea and bloating (also called “endo belly”).

The only way to officially diagnosis Endometriosis is through a surgical procedure called laparoscopy. While there is currently no cure for endometriosis, symptoms can be managed through excision surgery (removal of lesions/implants) which is the gold standard.  Women may also find some relief from symptoms with low dose oral contraceptive, NSAIDS, acupuncture an nutritional changes.

References:
What is Endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment,  Endometriosis Foundation of America – https://www.endofound.org/endometriosis
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists – Endometriosis – https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Endometriosis
Mayo Clinic – Endometriosis – https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometriosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354656